Conditions & Treatments

Learn more about conditions and treatments.

Become informed about common issues and physical therapy treatments available to you at Superior Physical Therapy.

(Click on a question for the answer)

Back injuries can generally be prevented by improving your physical condition:

    1. Aerobic Exercise: Regular low-impact aerobic exercise can increase strength and endurance
    2. Maintain a healthy weight: Excess weight can add additional strain to your back
    3. Build muscle strength: Core-strengthening exercises will increase lumbar stability.

The following tips can help you maintain your spine’s natural curves in your daily activity and help prevent injuries:

    1. Lifting smart. Bend at the hips and knees, not the back. Let your leg and gluteus muscles do the work. Hold objects close to your body when lifting. Push objects rather than pulling them and try to avoid twisting.
    2. Sleeping smart. Use a firmer mattress and pillows for lumbar support. When getting out of bed, roll to your side and push up with your arms as your feet touch the floor
    3. Sitting smart. Maintain your spine’s natural curves by keeping ears, shoulders, and hips aligned
    4. Standing smart. Engage your abdominal muscles to support the spine

Boutonniere Deformities refer to a finger that is bent in a particular way – that is, bent down at the middle joint and extending upward at the end joint of the finger. This is often the result of an injury such as jamming your finger, but they also may be from inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. “Boutonniere” refers to the position the finger rests in after it is injured.

Timely professional therapy can often prevent the needs for surgical repair of the injured tendons.

Therapy for Boutonniere Deformity may include:

    1. Custom splinting
    2. Guidance on range of motion techniques
    3. Swelling management treatments
    4. Modalities to decrease pain and inflammation

A calf strain is an injury that generally happens during acceleration or changes in direction, it is a common injury in sports. The calf muscle can be stretched to the point of a partial or complete tear in some cases. The tom calf muscle may spasm, and contract forcefully causing acute pain.

Previous calf injuries, poor strength and flexibility, and an inadequate warm-up are all factors that may increase the risk of a calf strain. Although calf strains often take a long period of time to recover, the long-term outcome after a calf strain injury is generally excellent with few complications.

Treatment for a calf strain depends on the severity of the injury.

Therapy for calf strains often include:

    1. Modalities such as electrical stimulation, ice, or ultra sound to help reduce pain
    2. The ASTYM system – (a soft tissue mobilization technique), used to increase soft tissue flexibility and provide pressure relief
    3. Massage therapy to decrease scar tissue and increase range of motion
    4. Exercises to improve balance and coordination
    5. Gait analysis and education about body mechanics

Along the paths that nerves follow are areas of narrowing. When a nerve passes through one of these narrow regions, it can become agitated and inflamed. Unless treatment is initiated to relive the pressure being placed upon the nerve, it can begin to die. In carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), the median nerve is compressed within the carpal tunnel.

This condition may be caused by many factors including:

    1. Highly repetitive hand or finger movements
    2. Systematic or hormonal factors
    3. Swelling in the wrist region
    4. Trauma

Carpal tunnel syndrome has distinct signs and symptoms that may include:

    1. Numbness and / or tingling in the hands or fingers
    2. Pain at night
    3. Decreased dexterity of the hand or fingers
    4. Diminished sensation in the thumb, index, and middle finger
    5. A feeling of fullness or swollen fingers
    6. Diminished grip strength

Treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome focus on minimizing pressure on the nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel at your wrist.

Your treatment may include:

    1. Modalities such as ultrasound and electrical stimulation to help reduce swelling and relieve symptoms
    2. The ASTYM system – (a soft tissue mobilization technique), used to increase soft tissue flexibility and provide pressure relief
    3. Tendon gliding exercises to relieve pressure on the nerve, help loosen and stretch the carpal ligaments, and encourage blood flow to the area
    4. Education on activity modification
    5. Iontophoresis application (anti-inflammatory medication delivered with electricity)

Neck muscles, particularly those in the back of your neck, can become fatigued and eventually strained with repetitive actions. Chronic pain can develop from overuse. Even minor activities such as reading in bed or grinding your teeth can strain the muscles of the neck.

Symptoms of cervical strain may include:

    1. Chronic headaches
    2. Discomfort in the neck, upper back, and / or shoulders
    3. Difficulty turning or tilting neck
    4. Numbness and / or tingling of the arms, hands, or fingers
    5. Shooting pain down the shoulder or arm
    6. Muscle weakness and decreased grip strength

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